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Last Updated: Jan 26, 2017 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

MLA Citation Print Page

MLA Citation

MLA (Modern Language Association) Format is the most common style of citation used in high schools.  

MLA style governs the format of your paper (margins, heading, etc.) as well as the way in which you document, or cite, information within the body of your writing (in-text citations) and at the end (Works Cited).

MLA Citation Guide from OWL @ Purdue University

MLA Style Guide from Diana Hacker

If you are not sure what style you should follow, ask your teacher.

Basic print book MLA citation:

Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book. City of    Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication.    Medium of Publication.



MLA Informational Video


Citing an App

Author. Title of App. Type of Product.    Website Title. Vers. X.X. Publisher Name,    Date Published. Medium of Publication.    Date Accessed. <URL> 


For more information on citing an app and on how to locate th einformation you need, check out this info. sheet from the Seekonk School District.


Citing Maps

Title. Map. Location: publisher, date. Title of the Web      

site. Web. Day Month Year of access. <opt. URL>.

Map of the West Coast of Africa from Sierra Leone to      Cape Palmas, including the Colony of Liberia.

     Map. Philadelphia: Finley, 1830. Lib. of Cong. Web. 10 Feb. 2012. <>.

**Format is not correct, but content it correct. Remember to indent second line.



1. Avoiding Plagiarism and Documenting Sources from Richland College Library


   - Go to the Contents menu

   - From the pull down menu, select Page 3 Activity: Plagiarism

   - Complete the card sorting activity

   - Write down one thing that you learned from completing this activity

2. Citing Web Pages/Sites from Tallahassee Community College


   - Go to page 7 Web Pages

   - Read the page

   - Complete the Hot Spot Quiz

   - Write down one thing that you learned from completing this activity



Having trouble with NoodleTools or creating citations? 

Try this citation generator, BibBuilder, from Professor Dennis G. Jerz at Seton Hill University (Greensburg, PA).


Citing eBooks in MLA

Bibliographic Citation

Author's Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. Place of publication: Publisher,    copyright date. Source of eBook. Web. Date of Access.

In-text or Parenthetical Citation

The entire work (or a work that has no page numbers):

Include information in the text of your paper that will allow the reader to locate the source in your works cited list.

In "Why I Was Wrong: The October Crisis Expose," Fidel Castro talks about the mistakes he made in his relationship with the US and the destructive advice he offered to the USSR.

If it is not possible to include this information in the text, follow the sentence where the citation needs to be made with an in-text citation containing only the name of the author. This format is appropriate if the eBook has no pagination.

In a recent academic journal, the former leader of Cuba examines decisions he made in The October Crisis, known in the US as The Cuban Missile Crisis (Castro).

No author and no page numbers:

Include reference to the article name and book title in the text of your paper.

In "Woodstock Rocks," in American Decades: 1960-1969, Neil Young describes the positive impact of the festival on society.


Put the name of the article in quotes inside of parentheses.

David Crosby said that the Woodstock Festival is emblematic of the social harmony possible in large gatherings ("Woodstock Rocks").

Information on this page was adapted from the MLA Style Manual and the University of Maryland University College Library website.


More In-Text Citation Examples

These are examples of the two ways you will use in-text citations (also called parenthetical documentation). They come from papers Mrs. York had to write in graduate school.

The in-text citations you create must refer to the sources listed on your Works Cited page.

This is the source I used in the examples below. It is an article, cited in MLA format:

Buczynski, J.A. "The Library Patron Prefers    Listening: Living in Ray Bradbury’s Personal    Audio Universe. Internet Reference Services    Quarterly.11.2(2006):    97-103. Web. 7 June    2012.

In-text citation for direct quotes

This type of citation is the most common and easiest to know when to use. When you are using the exact words of another, you must cite the author/source.


This article raises many important questions about the viability of services like OverDrive and their ability to compete with the pay-for services like Amazon’s Kindle. The incompatibility of DRMS technologies across devices may have a significant impact on public libraries. “If DRMS technologies do not improve quickly, audio holdings will remain sparse, and libraries will lose patrons” (Buczynki 100).

In-text citation for ideas, concepts, and information associated with an expert

When you learn new material from a source, even if you are paraphrasing the material, you need to credit the source.


One of the limiting factors in title offerings is the lack of standardization of the digital rights management systems (DRMS). DRMS are information technology systems that protect the use of the downloadable digital content and control how many devices or users have access to content at the same time. In order to access content, a user’s device must be compatible with the content protection system of the content provider’s DRMS (Buczynski 99). OverDrive has a link to compatible devices, which enables users to ascertain if their device is supported by the OverDrive software.

*I cited Buczynski because I did not know about digital rights management systems until I began researching material for this paper. It is better to err on the side of caution and cite a source!


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